Hospitality Management

Hospitality management in Britain

TOURIST REGIONS:

The South of the UK attracts tourists looking for sun and beaches. Cornwall and Devon are the typical tourist destinations. London is the centre of tourism in the UK as it is famed for it´s shopping, museums and tourist attractions. However there are other major UK cities, such as Liverpool and Manchester which offer cultural and tourist attractions. When you move further north and into Scotland, you get into unspoilt countryside and spectacular views in the Scottish highlands.

The UK is also very attractive to golf fans. The Golf clubs in Scotland and Wales offer an exquisite combination of sport and leisure activities. Linguistic tourism means that hundreds of European students move to the UK to learn English, particularly in summer. Hundreds of schools offer English courses for foreigners and this educational activity has been converted into a powerful tourist industry.

See detailed map of Britain

CULTURE:

The UK is very different to continental Europe in many ways. Aside from obvious differences such as driving on the left hand side of the road, not using the Euro as currency and different clothes and shoes sizes; the UK lifestyle is very different to the rest of Europe. Dinner is the biggest meal of the day and is eaten around 7 or 8. Lunch is normally just a sandwich around 12 or 1 during a 30minute or 1 hour lunch break.

Today, there are 61,000 pubs in the United Kingdom. Visiting a pub is one of Britain's oldest forms of entertainment. The idea for the first public houses was brought to Britain thousands of years ago by the conquering Roman army. The first pubs served only wine, but after the discovery of hops in the fourteenth century, pubs began to serve mainly beer and ale, as they do today.

Although this British tradition has since taken on more upscale connotations, high tea was first enjoyed by the English working class during the 1700s. This ritual began as a practical attempt to stave off hunger pangs between breakfast and supper, as eating just two daily meals was common at the time. Called "high" tea because it was usually taken sitting atop stools in a tea shop or standing at a counter or buffet table, it combined elements of the delicate "afternoon tea" and supper.

Sport is a big part of British culture. Football is the main sport with clubs such as Tottenham, Newcastle or Manchester United provoking passionate support in and outside the UK. The English football teams are well-known throughout Europe and the Premier League is followed by football fans throughout the world.

Rugby also unleashes passions and it is common to find rugby fans avidly following the 5 Nations Cup in English pubs whilst enjoying a pint of beer.


LANGUAGE:

You must be prepared that very few UK nationals will be able to, or want to, speak another language. Although French is a compulsory subject for children from age 11 to 14 and either German or Spanish is learnt from 12 to 14; the popularity of continuing to study these languages is rapidly declining. As English is widely spoken in the world, many people feel it is not necessary to learn another language.

The regional accent varies greatly throughout the UK with the very strong Irish, Scottish accents but also with a distinct difference between the North, South and London.


COMMERCIAL HOURS:

Most shops are open from 8.30 to 5.30 Monday to Saturday. The majority of big chains and supermarkets are open on Sundays but due to trading laws the opening hours are either 10-4 or 11-5. Most banks are not open at the weekends. Normal office hours for other businesses are 9 to 5.


OTHER INFORMATION:

TRAVEL:

Public transport is fairly expensive especially in London and major cities. The London underground is fast, efficient and reasonable but you must look after your personal belongings. All train stations, underground stations and airports are extremely tight on security so never leave your bag unattended. Taxis are also expensive and please ensure that you verify the taxi is from an accredited company (you can ask to see their ID) before getting into it (especially if travelling alone).


WEATHER:

The British climate is very difficult to predict! No matter what time of year you visit the UK please pack suitable attire for rainy weather! In general, temperatures increase and rainfall decreases as you move from North to South. In winter, temperatures can drop to -15ēC but can reach 30ēC in the South during summer. Snow is fairly rare in the UK but temperatures can be extremely low particularly in the North of England and Scotland.


VISAS:

Citizens of the EU may live and work freely in the UK without a visa. Visitors from the US, Canada, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand may stay up to 6 months in the UK without a visa but they must have a visa in order to work.


HEALTH AND SAFETY:

Healthcare in the UK is free for UK citizens under the National Health Service (NHS). However, many visitors to the UK will not qualify for free medical treatment. Therefore it is highly recommended to always take out your own insurance before you travel.

Nationals from the European Economic Area countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) or from countries which have reciprocal healthcare agreements with the UK will not be charged for treatment.

Some services are free of charge to everyone. These are: treatment in the emergency department, treatment for specific infectious diseases (excludes HIV and AIDS), compulsory psychiatric treatment and family planning services.


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